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Concert Program Cover

Fourth Concert of the 72nd Season

1776

May 13-15, 2011
Cordier Auditorium
Debra Lynn, Director
Scott Humphries, Conductor

  Setting    
  Philadelphia, Pennsylvania -- Summer, 1776  
       
  Scenes and Musical Numbers    
  Scene 1: The Chamber of the 2nd Continental Congress  
    "Sit Down, John" Adams & Delegates  
    "Piddle, Twiddle and Resolve" Adams  
    "Till Then" Adams & Abigail  
       
  Scene 2: The Chamber  
    "The Lees of Old Virginia" Lee, Franklin & Adams  
         
  Scene 3: The Chamber  
    "But, Mr. Adams" Adams, Franklin, Jefferson, Sherman & Livingston  
       
  Scene 4: Thomas Jefferson's Apartment on High Street  
    "Yours, Yours, Yours!" Adams & Abigail  
    "He Plays the Violin" Martha, Franklin & Adams  
       
  Scene 5: The Chamber  
    "Cool, Cool, Considerate Men" Dickinson, Rutledge, Hancock & Conservatives  
    "Mama, Look Sharp" Courier, McNair & leather Apron  
       
  Intermission  
       
  Scene 6: A Congressional Anteroom  
    "The Egg" Adams, Franklin & Jefferson  
       
  Scene 7: The Chamber  
    "Molasses to Rum" Rutledge  
    "Compliments" Abigail  
    "Is Anybody There?" Adams, Jefferson, Franklin & Thomson  
       
 

Program Notes by James R. C. Adams

 
  Music and Lyrics by Sherman Edwards (1919-1981)
Book by Peter Stone (1930-2003)
 
 

Most composers have a few failures before they hit their stride. Before Jerome Kern's successful musical Show Boat, with its well-remembered songs, Can't Help Lovin' Dat Man and Ol' Man River, there was his first musical, The Red Petticoat. Ever heard of it?

Richard Rogers wrote the music for Oklahoma, Carousel, State Fair, which were huge successes, but he wrote some twenty or more musicals before those that you probably wouldn't recognize.

Even Irving Berlin had trouble getting started. His first musical, Watch Your Step, ran for only 175 performances. Sherman Edwards' first musical, 1776, ran for 1,217 performances!

Edwards was basically a piano-player. He helped put himself through college, where he majored in history, by playing nightclub and radio gigs, specializing in jazz. After a brief stint teaching high school history, he turned to song-writing. He was very successful at that, producing songs for Burt Bacharach, Sarah Vaughan, Johnny Mathis, and Elvis Presly, among others. While working for Presley, he suddenly decided he "wasn't into the rock songs anymore," and turned his attention back to history. He had been fascinated by the events and the personalities leading up to the decision to rebel against the British, and was determined to put his enthusiasm into a musical.

He wrote a series of songs and was persuaded to take Peter Stone on to fill in the gaps. And there are quite length gaps, one of which runs for about half-an-hour. One could argue that 1776 is a play by Peter Stone, with incidental music by Sherman Edwards, except that the music is thoroughly integrated with the play.

As far as historical accuracy is concerned, a number of liberties had to be taken for dramatic effect. Throughout the work, John Adams is depicted as "obnoxious," but he is not depicted that way in David McCullough's biography, John Adams. Certain characters are conflated to reduce the number of actors required. Specifically, Samuel Adams and John Adams are sometimes combined, so it's possible that remarks attributed to other members of the Adams family could have mistakenly been applied to John. On page 634 of McCullogh's book, Charles Francis Adams wrote of his uncle Thomas as "one of the most unpleasant characters in the world." And on page 277, John Adams, himself, writes, "That I have no friendship for Franklin I avow." The repeated use of "obnoxious and disliked" in the musical might have come from a remark that Adama made about himself. It was self-deprecating.

Although this is the only musical written by Sherman Edwards, it was nominated for five Tony Awards, winning three, one of which was for Best Musical. It was not only the Best Musical by Edwards; it was the last.


 
       
  Plot Synopsis  
 

Scene 1 - May 8, 1776
It's a sweltering day in Philadelphia and John Adams (Delegate from Massachusetts) is fuming about the lack of action by the 2nd Continental Congress to make any decisive steps toward independence from England, even while enduring oppressive policies from King George III and acts of violence from the British military. The Congress, exhausted from the heat and concerned about appearing treasonous, request the Adams calm down and lower his voice. Enraged, Adams stomps out of the congressional chamber and writes to his wife, Abigail. Their correspondence, as usual, is filled with affectionate banter and updates about the "goings on" in each of their respective locations: Adams in congress, and Abigail with their children, at their farm in Braintree. Adams closes by requesting that Abigail organize the women in her community to make saltpeter for gun powder. Abigail explains that, due to the war, none of the ladies can find pins for sewing -- and makes the condition that she will only send saltpeter to John if he will first send pins to her.

Scene 2 -- May 9, 1776
Adams returns to the congressional chamber to find Franklin sitting for yet another portrait. They discuss the congress' inaction on any of Adams' proposals on independence and Franklin suggests that perhaps someone besides John should do the proposing. Richard Henry Lee of Virginia enters and volunteers for the mission, much to Adams' chagrin. The scene concludes with an enthusiastic march as Lee heads for home, intent on convincing his legislature to send him back with a formal proposal.

Scene 3 -- June 7, 1776
Delegates slowly enter the chamber, ready for another long, warm day in congress. Lee returns and offers Virginia's official proposal for independence. A vociferous debate follows regarding whether or not the matter should be post-poned, or even discussed. It is decided that any vote for independence must be unanimous, so that no colony "will be torn from its mother country without its own consent." This puts even more pressure on Adams and his liberal cohorts to convince the entire congress to vote their way. Finally, it is decided that a declaration should be written to explain this unprecendented action and to help garner international support for their cause. A declaration committee is formed which includes a most reluctant Thomas Jefferson.

Scene 4 -- June 14, 1776
Adams and Franklin pay a visit to Jefferson's apartment one week after he's accepted the task of writing the important document. They find that he has completed nothing. As Adams begins scolding Jefferson, Martha Jefferson arrives, surprising her husband. Adams reveals that he sent for her, in order to ease Jefferson's loneliness and despondency. Adams, lonely for his own family, write affectionately to his wife, Abigail.

Scene 5 -- June 22, 1776
The congressional doldrums continue when Washington's courier delivers a dispatch summoning the war committee to visit New Brunswick to see for themselves the poor condition of the military. Adams, chair of the war committee, departs with his fellow committee members, leaving mainly the Conservatives alone in the chambers. Dickinson points out the pleasantness of the situation, owing to Adams' absence. As the conservatives join him in celebrating this contentedness, the courier brings in another dispatch from Washington. The letter informs congress that the British have taken control of New York harbor and he fears they may be heading for Philadelphia soon. The self-absorbed conservatives ignore the foreboding message and eventually depart the chamber, leaving the Courier, McNair (congressional custodian) and the Leather Apron alone. The Courier describes a recent battle in which two of his friends were killed, and the sound of their voices as they called out for their mothers to come find them before they die.

Scene 6 -- June 28, 1776
Jefferson nervously stands outside the congressional chamber as the secretary reads his declaration to the delegates. Adams and Franklin noisily appear, boasting about the shooting accuracy they witnessed from Washington's Army during the war committee's visit to New Brunswick. Jefferson tells them the declaration is being read, and the three of them consider together what their new nation might look like.

Scene 7 -- July 2, 1776
The reading of the declaration is complete. It then endures multiple changes, deletions, and additions before it will be acceptable to all the delegates. Many of the changes are minor, but one change is highly significant -- Edward Rutledge's demand that the clause abolishing slavery be omitted. Another heated debate ensues which stops abruptly when all the southern delegates walk out of the chamber together. Just when the idea of independence seems to be near complete collapse, Adams again writes to Abigail -- this time, asking her advice on the matter. She encourages him to continue his diligent pursuit of what he believes is right for all the colonies. He returns to the chamber and convinces Franklin and Jefferson to go talk to the opposition and convince them that independence is the right course. Jefferson agrees to scratch the slavery clause in order to secure the votes of the southern delegations and the motion finally passes, unanimously. The revised declaration is prepared and signed with a mix of emotions -- hope for a better life in their new nation, but also trepidation as they set foot in uncharted territory, which some will consider treasonous. The scene ends with each man considering his own personal situiation, the safety of his family, and the future of his nation.


 
       
 

Cast of 1776

 
  2nd Continental Congress
John Adams, Massachusetts
Benjamin Franklin, Pennsylvania
Thomas Jefferson, Virginia
John Dickinson, Pennsylvania
Edward Rutledge, South Carolina
John Hancock, president
Charles Thomson, secretary
Richard Henry Lee, Virginia
Roger Sherman, Connecticut
Stephen Hopkins, Rhode Island
Robert Livingston, New York
Col. Thomas McKean, Delaware
Caesar Rodney, Delaware
Dr. Lyman Hall, Georgia
James Wilson, Pennsylvania
Lewis Morris, New York
Andrew McNair, custodian
Samuel Chase, Maryland
George Read, Delaware
Rev. John Witherspoon, New Jersey
Joseph Hewes, North Carolina
Josiah Bartlett, New Hampshire
Leather Apron
John Penn, North Carolina
John Hart, New Jersey

Non-Congressional Cast
Abigail Adams
Martha Jefferson
Courier
Painter

Daniel Myers-Bowman
Mark Huntington
Jeremy Walters
Eric Reichenbach
David Moan
Ham Sadler
Alex Drew
Nicholas Kenny
David Myrick
Tony Moore
Robert Bucher
Heidi Gonyea Lovett
Andrew Rich
Gabe Hoagland
Nick King
Elizabeth Waas Smith
Nikki Glassley
Charles Lovett
Darcy Robins
James Chinworth
Chris Teeters
Matt Winger
Kaylee Hawley
Chris Garber
Aimee Hoffbauer


Stephanie Green
Cassandra Whitaker
Jeremiah Sanders
Emilie Hunt
 
       
 

Manchester Symphony Orchestra Personnel

 
  Violin I
Dessie Arnold, Concertmaster
Rachel Nowak +^
Liisa Wiljer

Violin II
Joyce Dubach *
Jennifer Iannuzzelli +^
Linda Kummernuss
Alyssa Loos +^

Viola
Naida MacDermid *
Kelsey Airgood +^
Margaret Sklenar

Cello
Robert Lynn *
Joseph Kalisman

Bass
Jess Gaze *

Piccolo
Kathy Davis

Flute
Kathy Davis *

Oboe
Nyssa Gore *
Clarinet
Lila D. Hammer *
Sarah Leininger +^

Bassoon
Erich Zummack *

Horn
Carol Campos *+^
Kristen Hoffman +^

Trumpet
Steven Hammer *
(Nicholas Kenny +^)

Trombone
Jon Hartman *
Larry Dockter

Timpani
Joshua Faudree

Percussion
Joshua Faudree *
Katie Lawther +

Keyboards
Tim Reed

* Denotes principal
+ Denotes MC student
^ Denotes Keister Scholarship recipient
       
 
Robert BucherRobert Bucher, tenor (Robert Livingston, New York and Producer) graduated from MC in Business Management and currently lives in Huntington and works for Perry Corporation. He enjoys spending time with his parents, Barry and Diana Bucher; his wife, Megan Bucher; and his cockapoos, Buddy and Sadie. Robert was the producer for MC's production of The Sound of Music. He played Noah in Children of Eden and Joseph in Joseph and the Amazing Technicolor Dreamcoat. He also appeared in Pirates of Penzance, Anything Goes, and Beauty and the Beast. Robert says, "I am honored to produce a show that has such a talented and professional cast. I am excited to take part in this wonderful productions as Robert Livingtson."
 
 
James ChinworthJames Chinworth, baritone (Rev. John Witherspoon, New Jersey) is a very familiar face in town. Besides his work as associate pastor at Manchester Church of the Brethren, he is a small business owner (Kenapocomocha), and he does home restoration. James is from Midland, Michigan, and graduated from Purdue and Lancaster Seminary. His family includes his wife Debbie Chinworth and their two sons, Michael and Andrew. A former MC campus pastor, he is excited to return to the college, this time in a theatrical role. James is grateful for "just enough lines to make me feel focused and anxious. As a first-time participant in a show, 1776 is a good one."
 
 
Alex DrewAlex Drew, baritone (Charles Thomson, secretary) is a sophomore vocal performance major from Howell, Michigan, who wants to be an opera star! His path to stardom includes two memorable performances in Opera Workshop at MC -- as Matthew in La Divina and Pish Tush in The Mikado. Alex claims that his hair will never again be as long as you will see it in this performance.
 
 
Chris GarberChris Garber, bass (John Penn, North Carolina) is a native of North Manchester. Chris graduated from MC in biology and environmental studies, and is now the MC Director of Operations. He lives here in town with his wife, Katly. Chris is grateful to be able to learn from such a talented and patient director in Debra Lynn. He says, "Even though I have a minor role, I have enjoyed the experience."
 
 
Nikki GlassleyNikki Glassley, soprano (Andrew McNair, congressional custodian) is a junior English Literature major with a minor in History, who is preparing for a career as a librarian. She is from Westville, Indiana, where she resides with her parents Kim and Mark, sister Char, and puppies Boomer and Wicket. Nikki has been in several MC productions previously such as Chiffon in Little Shop of Horrors, and one of the Party Members in 1984. She has also participated in the Student One Act Productions.
 
 
Stephanie GreenStephanie Green, mezzo-soprano (Abigail Adams) is a senior Choral Music Education major who will begin her teaching career in a few short months! She is from Fort Wayne, Indiana. Family members supporting her in the audience this weekend are her mom Valerie Miller; her sister Breana; her grandparents Jack and Sarah Miller; and her Uncle, Aunt and cousins Tim, Tammy, Kim, Carly, and Julianne. Stephanie has a chocolate Labrador retriever named Harley -- but he can't come to see the show -- no pets allowed. (Darn!) If you're a fan of the Opera Workshop productions at MC, you've probably seen Stephanie onstage before as Cecily in La Divina, Little Poponel in The Boy Who Grew Too Fast, or in the chorus for The Mikado or Die Fledermaus. She also performed in Oklahoma, Bye Bye Birdie, and Annie at memorial Park Middle School before coming to MC. Regarding her involvement in 1776, Stephanie says, "The struggle our forefathers went through is something that needs to be learned by all. Putting it into a musical is an excellent way to commend the work of the 2nd Continental Congress that made the country what it is today! I've enjoyed working with so many community members, college faculty and staff."
 
 
Kaylee HawleyKaylee Hawley, mezzo-soprano (Leather Apron) came to MC from Winchester, Indiana. She is currently a junior with plans to practice law or be a judge. She has shown excellent judgment and talent so far in her roles as Rapunzel (Into the Woods) and Mallika (Lakmé) at MC, and as Dolly (Annie Get Your Gun), Yente (Fiddler on the Roof), and Kate (Pirates of Penzance) at Winchester Community High School. Kaylee appreciates the support of her parents, Lawanna and Rick Hawley, and the companionship of her dog, Mikey.
 
 
Gabe HoaglandGabe Hoagland, baritone (Dr. Lyman Hall, Georgia) is from Urbana, Indiana, and is a junior at Horthfield Jr.-Sr. High School. Gabe has appeared in several community productions, including as Jem in To Kill a Mockingbird, Bud Frump in How to Succeed in Business without Really Trying, Puck in A Midsummer Night's Dream, Bill Sykes in Oliver!, and First Gangster in Bells Are Ringing. Gabe appreciates everyone who has supported his goal to become a music teacher and performer, especially Roy Hine.
 
 
Aimee HoffbauerAimee Hoffbauer, alto (John Hart, New Jersey) is a sophomore accounting major from Freemont, Indiana. Her grandfather is Jim Swift, and her brother is AJ Hoffbauer. Her interests and hobbies include singing in A Cappella Choir, working as a theatre tech, and knitting. Before coming to MC, Aimee attended Freemont High School and was the assistant director and backstage manager for At the Carnival. She also played Old Granny in Games in the Boondocks.
 
 
Emilie HuntEmilie Hunt, soprano (Painter Assistant to Producer) divides her time between her major, accounting, and her involvement in music and theatre. She sings in two campus choirs, A Cappella Choir and Cantabile. A first-year student from Springsboro, Ohio, she eventually wants to be a CPA. Emilie appreciates her parents, Terriann and Bryan Hunt. She says "I loved getting to work backstage as well as with some of the crew members."
 
 
Mark HuntingtonMark Huntington, tenor (Dr. Benjamin Franklin, Pennsylvania) is a professor of Exercise and Sport Sciences and Associate Dean for Academic Affairs at MC. Originally from New Britain, Connecticut, Mark earned his Bachelor's degree from MC, his Masters degree from Boston University, and his Doctorate from Indiana University. He plays clarinet in two symphony orchestras, and he has a private pilot license. Mark's previous roles include Paul (On Jillian's 37th birthday) at North Manchester Black Box Theatre (Firehouse), and Franklin Delano Roosevelt (Annie) at Manchester High School. He has thoroughly enjoyed working with the entire cast of 1776, but he says "I'm not sure about playing an older man!"
 
 
Nicholas KennyNicholas Kenny, tenor (Richard Henry Lee, Virginia) is about to graduate from MC in applied instrument performance (trumpet). He ill then begin a graduate program in trumpet performance at the University of Northern Colorado. It is Nick's goal to earn his DA and teach trumpet at the college level. Audience members may recognize Nick from several past MC musical theatre productions: Seymour (Little Shop of Horrors), Frederick the Pirate Apprentice (The Pirates of Penzance), Sebastian (Twelfth Night), and Prince Carpenter (Foxfire). Important figures in Nick's life include his parents, Ann and Jeffrey Kenny; his brother, Justin; his sister-in-law Wendy; his nephew Noah, and his adored pet, Kitty Kenny. Of his experience working on 1776, Nick says "Everyone associated with this production has shown great talent and commitment. Thanks for providing me with a small, manageable, and fun role."
 
 
Nick KingNick King, tenor (Judge James Wilson, Pennsylvania) is a commercial pilot from Portland, Indiana. He earned a Bachelor's degree in Aviation and Flight Sciences at the University of Dubuque. Now he is an Admissions counselor at MC with the goal of becoming a college professor. Nick loves riding motorcycles and being outdoors. His parents are Dan and Carol King, and his brother is Eric. Nick usually does tech work rather than stage acting. He says "It is a lot fo fun to be on stage with the other performers and actually see the audience."
 
 
Charles LovettCharles Lovett, tenor (Samuel Chase, Maryland) attended MC and studied Music Theory and Composition and Vocal Performance. His ultimate goal is to be a professional composer and performer. Charles enjoys composition, history, and lawn care. At MC, Charles played Poponel in The Boy Who Grew Too Fast and Sir Andrew in Twelfth Night. More recently, he appeared in the North Manchester Black Box Theatre (Firehouse) production of Into the Woods as Jack. Charles reflects on his participation in 1776: "The musical 1776 brings a light, comical feel to a very serious situation in the history of the United States. Being in the cast has been a fun and educational experience." Charles thanks his wife, Heidi; his parents Ralph and Margaret Lovett; his siter, Chelsey; and his in-laws, Asha and Brent Goodnight.
 
 
Heidi Gonyea LovettHeidi Gonyea Lovett, soprano II (Col. Thomas McKean, Delaware and Hair/Make-up Coordinator) was born in Homestead, Florida, but she considers Kokomo, Indiana, her hometown. Right now she is a barista at Kenapocomocha coffee shop. Eventually, she wants to teach English literature or art. She thanks her very supportive mother and step-father, Asha and Brent Goodnight, who "never miss a show." Heidi's love for theatre, music, and art is evident in her ongoing participation in college and community productions. She played Little Red Riding Hood in Into the Woods and Sophie in Annie. At MC, she played Little Becky Two Shoes in Urinetown and Maria in Twelfth Night. Heidi says this about 1776: "I am so outnumbered as a female in a very male cast, but it's so much fun! I have not only learned more about myself and about American history."
 
 
David MoanDavid Moan, baritone (Edward Rutledge, South Carolina) studied voice at MC and graduated Magna Cum Laude in 2009. He is currently an Instructor of Music and a Livestock Manager. His interests include cycling, Batman, and the North Manchester Black Box Theatre (Firehouse). David has played numerous leading roles in shows at MC (Urinetown, Pirates of Penzance, The Boy Who Grew Too Fast, Twelfth Night). He played Chad in All Shook Up at the University of St. Francis. He both directed and acted in Madrigal Theatre at Wits' End theatre in Minnesota, and he was the Baker for Into the Woods at the Firehouse. Regarding his involvement in 1776, David says "It is incredible to be a part of the personification of an event from a time that has fascinated me. Taking on this character has forced me to think about this country's origins in a new way, and give a new perspective on current events."
 
 
Tony MooreTony Moore, baritone (Stephen Hopkins, Rhode Island) is a first-year MC student majoring in Exercise Science. Down the road, he hopes to become a physical therapist. He thanks his mother, Tammy Moore, and his father, David Moore for their support. Before coming to MC, Tony participated in high school and community theatre -- The Wizard of Oz, Aida, Les Misérables, Grease, Peter Pan, Hello Dolly, and Urinetown. Tony appreciates the diversity of the 1776 cast members. He says "They are friendly and quirky in their own way!"
 
 
Daniel Myers-BowmanDaniel Myers-Bowman, baritone (John Adams, Massachusetts) is a junior at MC majoring in Music Theory and Composition. His goal is to become a performing musician and actor. Daniel is from Manhattan, Kansas, where he resides with his parents, Clay and Karen, and his brother Cameron. Daniel's distinctive voice has graced numerous productions at MC. He played Winston in 1984, Audrey II in Little Shop of Horrors, Creon in Antigone, and Caldwell B. Cladwell in Urinetown. Back in Manhattan, he appeared in Pajama Game, The Fantasticks, Beauty and the Beast, and You're a Good Man, Charlie Brown. He says "I am thrilled to be working on 1776 here in Manchester! Doing a show of this scale is always a fun but arduous process, and my fellow cast/crew members have made it a memorable experience. Thanks to everyone who has devoted their time and effort into making this musical a success!"
 
 
David MyrickDavid Myrick, tenor (Roger Sherman, Connecticut) is a first-year MC student majoring in Music Theory and Composition. A native of Mooresville, Indiana, David hopes to attend graduate school after graduating from MC.
 
 
Eric ReichenbachEric Reichenbach, tenor (John Dickinson, Pennsylvania) is a family physician who enjoys gardening, cooking, watching movies, and traveling with his wife Jennifer, his daughter Lauryn, and his sons, Benjamin, Samuel, and Isaac. Eric grew up in Wayland, Iowa, and earned degrees at Bluffton University and Indiana University. An active and dynamic performer, he has played leading roles with the Wabash Area Community Theatre in A Christmas Carol, Beauty and the Beast, and Joseph and the Amazing Technicolor Dreamcoat. He performed at Manchester High School productions Annie and Jane Eyre. Most recently, Eric appeared in Into the Woods and To Gillian on Her 37th Birthday at the North Manchester Black Box Theatre (Firehouse).
 
 
Andrew RichAndrew Rich, tenor (Caesar Rodney, Delaware) is a Professor of Mathematics at MC. He is a native of North Manchester, and he earned his BA from Bethel College in Kansas, and his PhD from the University of Chicago. A world traveler, Andrew's last experience on stage was at American School in Japan 38 years ago, where he sang in the chorus for Annie Get Your Gun, and he played Harry the Horse (Guys and Dolls) and Barnaby Tucker (Matchmaker). He is married to Sally Rich, and their children are Sarah, Joey, Bekah, and Jon. Andrew sums up his enthusiasm for 1776 this way:"History plus drama is a potent mix"
 
 
Darcy RobinsDarcy Robins, soprano II (George Read, Delaware) is a sophomore vocal performance major. She plans to combine her musical training with her psychology minor and work in the field of musical therapy. Darcy is the grand-daughter of Mary-Jane Robins and the daughter of Jerry and Deb Robins. Her siblings are Barry, Sherri, and Kacee. She lives in Huntertown, Indiana.
 
 
Ham SadlerHam Sadler, bass (John Hancock, President) is from Cuba, New York. He graduated from the University of Maryland. A former military intelligence analyst, he now works as a computer programmer. His past roles include the chef in Cinderella, Beadle in Blackadder's Christmas Carol, Menelaus in Trojan Women, and Pooh-Bah in The Mikado. He has also played bass in a gospel band. Ham characterized his involvement with 1776 as "a great experience working with many different actors and musicians."
 
 
Jeremiah SandersJeremiah Sanders, baritone (Courier) is a first-year MC student from Marion, Indiana, majoring in Music Education and Vocal Performance. His pasttimes are skating, Skyping, skydiving, and skipping. Before coming to MC, Jeremiah was a principal dancer in Where Fortunes Lie, and he played Leroy Brown Jr. in That '70s Musical, Audrey II in Little Shop of Horrors, and a pastor in Six-Part Harmony.
 
 
Elizabeth Waas SmithElizabeth Waas Smith, alto (Lewis Morris, New York) comes to us from Michigan. She is a goldsmith and shop manager in North Manager. She is the grand-daughter of David and Becky Waas, the daughter of Pat Price and Lori Waas, and the niece of Libby Waas. Regarding her experience with 1776, Elizabeth writes: "I am grateful to my mom for introducing me to 1776 at the tender age of five, and for Debra for having such faith in my abilities."
 
 
Chris TeetersChris Teeters, baritone (Joseph Hewes, North Carolina) is an MC junior majoring in Music Education. Besides signing, Chris plays the timpani and the piano. His goal is to teach high school choir. Audiences may recognize his face and voice from two past MC Opera Workshop shows. He played Commendatore from Don Giovanni and Pooh-Bah from The Mikado. He thanks his parents, Kirk and Linda Teeters, and Mollie Rose.
 
 
Jeremy WaltersJeremy Walters, tenor (Thomas Jefferson, Virginia) is a first-year MC student with a major in Political Science and a minor in Psychology. He would like to join the CIA. Before coming to MC, Jeremy played Mickey Johnstone in Blood Brothers and Wickersham in Seussical, both at Manchester High School. In praising his fellow performing artists, Jeremy claims that this 1776 cast is "the best cast to ever perform together. Ever. Debra rocks."
 
 
Cassandra WhitakerCassandra Whitaker, soprano (Martha Jefferson and Costume Coordinator) is a junior in Vocal Performance from Beavercreek, Ohio. She enjoys singing, sewing, reading, horseback riding, and dancing. Cassandra has appeared in several productions at MC and in Beavercreek, including Urinetown, Lakmé, The Shadowbox, and Kiss and Tell. She is the daughter of Anita Campbell.
 
 
Matt WingerMatt Winger, bass (Josiah Bartlett, New Hampshire) is a sophomore from Chicago majoring in Business Marketing. He aspires to be a marketing executive. His parents are Annette and Robert Winger.