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Concert Program Cover

Third Concert of the 38th Season


Sunday, April 24th, 1977
Manchester College Auditorium
Jack Laumer, Conductor

  Carmina Burana Carl Orff  

Fortuna, Imperatrix Mundi
1. O Fortuna
2. Fortuna plango vulnera

Part I
Primo Vere
3. Veris leta facies
4. Omnia sol temperat
5. Ecce gratum

Uf Dem Anger
6. Tanz
7. Floret Silva
8. Chramer, gip die varwe mir
9. Reie
10. Were diu werit alle min


Part II
In Taberna
11. Estuans interius
12. Olim lacus colueram
13. Ego sum abbas
14. In taberna quando sumus

Part III
Cour d'Amour
15. Amor volat undique
16. Dies, nox et omnia
17. Stetit puella
18. Circa mea pectora
19. Si puer cum puellula
20. Veni, veni, venias
21. In trutina
22. Tempus est iocundum
23. Dulcissime

Blanziflor et Helena
24. Ave formosissima

Fortuna Imperatrix Mundi
25. O Fortuna

  with the
Manchester College A Cappella Choir and Chorale
James Baldwin, conductor

Program Notes by John H. Planer

  Carmina Burana Carl Orff
(b. 1895)

Carl Orff was a composer, conductor, and music educator. He was born on July 10, 1895, in Munich, Germany, and is still living. He spent most of his life in Munich. As a child he studied piano, organ, and cello. Five collections of songs were published when he was sixteen. Orff's interests were varied; although he loved music, he was also interested in literature, science, and languages, including Latin and Greek. When he was twenty, he served as composer for the Munich Chamber Players, and at twenty-two he was composer for the National Theater at Mannheim and the Court Theater in Darmstadt. When he was twenty-six, Orff became interested in medieval, renaissance, and early baroque music. In 1924 Orff and Dorothee Gunther established the Gunther School, which combined music, dance, and gymnastics.

As a child, Orff disliked musical exercises. From 1930 to 1933, while he was conducting the Munich Bach Society, Orff composed a graded series of music for use in the elementary schools (Schulwerk -- Music for Children). the music progresses from clapping and speaking to singing simple songs accompanied by bright, appealing, yet simple instruments to complex compositions for advanced students. In 1950-1954, Orff revised this collection. The Orff Method has profoundly influenced modern music education both in Europe and in the United States. Orff's Schulwerk has been translated into English and adapted for use in American schools.

Orff was essentially self-taught. He studied music for one year at a conservatory and later studied privately with Heinrich Kaminski, who interested him in early music. Orff's music reveals his own interests: colorful orchestration, melodic and rhythmic influences of early music, settings of ancient texts, and love of myth, fairy tale, and legend. His lack of extensive formal training, his experience in the theater, and his work with dance music have produced a simple, clear, and dramatically effective style which can easily be appreciated and which does not demand sophisticated, cerebral listening.

Carmina Burana is probably Carl Orff's most popular composition. It is a dramatic cantata for soloists, large chorus, small chorus, children's chorus, and orchestra, including two pianos, celesta, five tympani, sleigh bells, triangle, ratchet, crash and suspended cymbals, gong, glockenspiel, xylophone, chimes, tambourine, antique cymbals, and castanets. The composition was intended to be staged, with costumes, scenery, pantomime, and dancing.

The texts were taken from a collection of medieval poems compiled in southern Germany sometime after 1250. These lyrics comprise an anthology of more than two hundred compositions which was probably copied by an aristocratic clergyman who enjoyed them. The poems were copied into the manuscript in four groups: (1) moral and satirical poems protesting an lamenting the lowering of moral standards; (2) love songs -- both chaste and lusty; (3) drinking and gambling songs; and (4) sacred plays. Most of the poems are anonymous, but we do know the names of a few poets since later manuscripts, which do indicate the names of authors, contain some of the same poems. yet most of the authors remain anonymous. Not all of the songs are by goliards, the wandering student-poets of the late middle ages. Most of the poems date from the late eleventh or twelfth centuries, and most of the poetry originated in France, even though the texts were collected and later copied in southern Germany. Most of the poems are in Latin, but some are in old French and medieval German.

Carl Orff selected various texs from the first three sections of this collection: the protest songs, love songs, and drinking-gambling songs. These poems he then grouped into three section: "In the Spring" describing the delights of nature and love, "In the Tavern" describing the pleasures and punishments of sensuality, and "The Court of Love" describing various types of love.


Orchestra Personnel

  Violin I
Vincent Houser, Concertmaster
Vladimir Tsypin
Martha Geissler
Susan Stone
Matt Topper

Violin II
Chris Shenk *+
Carolyn Harlan +
Jane Haugen
Marcie Bogert

Denise Lutter *
Tim Beck +
Chris John
Naida Walker
Peggy Favorite

Linda Phelps *
Vivien Singleton
Sarah Kurtz +
David Kennedy +
Betty Bueker

Mark Tomlonson *
Randy Gratz
Herb Ingraham

Paula Coutz +

Paula Coutz +
Jerilee Kinzie +
Becky Kinne +

George Donner
Carol Martin +

English Horn
Stephanie Jones
Lila Van Lue *+
Jane Grandstaff
Robert Jones

Bass Clarinet
Robert Jones

Mike Trentacosti
Lovena Miller +

Thomas Owen

John Snyder *+
Denise Reed +
Diane Daly +
Frank Bueker

Jack Laumer
Steve Hammer +
Randy Replogle +

Bill Anders *
Craig McBride +
John Reed +

Jeff Courtright +

Diane Laumer

Ken Jordan
Diane Leverenz +
Linda Ross +
Kent Williams +
Larry Ford

David Eicher
Diana Holthuis

* Denotes principal
+ Denotes MC student

Manchester College Chorale

  James Baldwin, Conductor
Nolan Long, Accompanist
  Soprano I
Mary Baldwin
Lisa Clevenger
Susan Crosby
Lee Ann Davis
Susan Halt
Sharon Knechel
Nadine Mong
Rachel Norris
Davonne Rogers
Kaye Rowe
Carol Streator

Soprano II
Carolyn Caldwell
Peggy Corl
Ruth Davis
Brenda Eberly
Lana Groombridge
Rebecca Heusel
Nina Hill
Peggy Howenstine
Jayne Liffick
Judy Mason
Rebecca Menzie
Susan Norton
Rebecca Thrush
Annamarie Wagoner

Tenor I
David Baker
Kim Heusel
Delmas Keeney
Brad Seward
Jerry Snyder

Tenor II
William Baxter
Glenn Hampson
John Neher
Dwayne Rice
Allen Weldy
Jeff White
Alto I
Wilma Detwiler
Julie Easterday
Karen Eberly
Jayne Flanigan
Perri Graham
Rebecca Kinne
Rebecca Klingler
Cynthia Krall
Chere McKinley
Dawn Robbins
Nancy Spangler
Sandra Wilson

Alto II
Barbara Beeson
Rebecca Dull
Christine Gary
Harriet Hamer
Carolyn Harlan
Jenny Hollenberg
Norma Hooten
Linda Knoll
Sarah Kurtz
Sandra Miller
Donna Royer
Ruth Snyder
Lila Van Lue
Grace Zunkel
Lynn Zunkel

Bass I
Jerry Durnbaugh
John Peiffer
Daniel Petry
Thomas Powers
William White
Phillip Wright
Phillip Zimmerman

Bass II
Mark Albright
Robert Floros
Paul Gilmore
Grant Holsinger
Bruce Hughes
Nolan Long
Neal Mock
Allen Willmert

Manchester College A Cappella Choir

  James Baldwin, Conductor
Christine Shenk, Accompanist
  Soprano I
Susan Cosby
Susan Halt
Sharon Knechel
Rachel Norris
Davonne Rogers

Soprano II
Peggy Corl
Lee Ann Davis
Peggy Howenstine
Susan Norton
Rebecca Thrush

Tenor I
David Baker
Delmas Keeney *
Bradley Seward *

Tenor II
William Baxter
Glenn Hampson *
Allen Weldy

* soli
Alto I
Brenda Eberly
Perri Graham
Rebecca menzie
Dawn Robbins
Christine Shenk
Lynn Zunkel

Alto II
Rebecca Dull
Karen Eberly
Cynthia Krall
Sarah Kurtz
Sandra Miller
Donna Royer

Bass I
John Peiffer
Daniel Petry *
William White
Phillip Wright

Bass II
Mark Albright *
Robert Floros
Bruce Hughes
Nolan Long *

Manchester Church of the Brethren
Melodia Choir

  Rachel Norris, conductor  
  Andrea Aungst
Lynn Berry
Mia Brown
Chris Caldwell
Craig Caldwell
Dan Daggett
Jeff Gilbert
Cindy Grossnickel
Joy McFadden
Kristene Merritt
Mike Miller
Barbara Orpurt
Scott Phillips
John Regenbogen
L. Brad Liebl, baritone, is currently Artist-in-residence with Opera-Omaha in Nebraska. He received the Bachelor of Music in voice from Saint Norbert College in DePere, Wisconsin. His Master of Music in voice was earned at the College-Conservatory of Music, University of Cincinnati, where Mr. Liebl is a candidate for the Doctor of Musical Arts degree. Brad Liebl's professional background includes five years with the Cincinnati Opera. This summer he will be singing with the nationally-renowned Wolf Trap Opera Company in Washington, D.C. Mr. Liebl will follow this performance with an appearance with the Fort Wayne Philharmonic in their presentation of Carmina Burana.
Carol McAmis, soprano, has been on the faculty of Manchester College since 1974. She holds a bachelor's degree in piano and a master's degree in voice from the University of Kansas. An active member of the University of Kansas Opera Theatre, she has performed leading roles in Tales of Hoffmann, The Marriage of Figaro, Gianni Schicchi, and The Medium. This past summer Miss McAmis played the role of Donna Elvira in Gazzaniga's Don Giovanni with the American Institute of Musical Studies in Graz, Austria. In 1974, she was a member of the Phyllis Curtin Seminar for Singers at the Berkshire Music Center at Tanglewood, Massachusetts. Miss McAmis teaches voice and humanities at Manchester College.
Glenn Hampson, tenor, is a graduate of Oswego High School, Oswego, Illinois. He holds an Associate of Arts degree from Waubonsee Community College, Sugar Grove, Illinois, and is presently completing a Bachelor of Science degree in Music Education at Manchester College. He is a senior voice major from the studio of Carol McAmis.