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Concert Program Cover

Third Concert of the 36th Season

Student Soloists

Sunday, May 11th, 1975
Manchester College Auditorium
Jack C. Laumer, Conductor

  Colas Breugnon Overture Dmitri Kabalevsky  
  Organ Concerto in B-flat Major, Op. 4, No. 2 George Frederic Handel  

I. A tempo ordinario, e staccato - Allegro
II. Adagio, e staccato
III. Allegro, ma non presto

  Lillian Miller, organ  
  Horn Concerto No. 3 in E-Flat Major, K. 447 Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  

I. Allegro

  Stephen Farnsley, french horn  
  Piano Concerto No. 1 in G minor, Op. 25 Felix Mendelssohn  

I. Molto Allegro con fuoco

  Teresa Metzger, piano  
  Kol Nidrei Max Bruch  
  Susan Favorite, cello  
  "O! mio babbino caro" from Gianni Schicchi Giacomo Puccini  

Lauretta pleads with her father to help settle the dispute over a contested will. Only by gaining the money will she and Rinuccio be able to marry, and without him life is not worth living.

  Laetitia's Aria from The Old Maid and the Thief Gian Carlo Menotti  

The serving girl laments the lack of attention shown her by Bob, a boarder in the house of Miss Todd, an old maid. Both women think Bob is a thief, but an attractive one, and go overboard trying to please him. Bob is actually just a friendly moocher delighting in their attentions until Laetitia finally forces him to take her away.

  Carol Streator, soprano  
  Poem for Flute and Orchestra Charles Griffes  
  Paula Coutz, flute  
  Piano Concerto in A minor, Op. 16 Edvard Grieg  

I. Allegro molto moderato

  Terry McRoberts, piano  

Program Notes by Teresa Metzger

  Colas Breugnon Overture Dmitri Kabalevsky
(b. 1904)

Dmitri Kabalevsky, born in 1904, is a Russian composer, educated in Russia. his music shows influence by Moussorgsky, Borodin, Tchaikowsky, and Scriabin. His music usually portrays some phase of Soviet life and aspirations. Traditional forms, full harmonies, broad melodies, and a close relationship to folk songs are part of his musical style. The Colas Breugnon Overture is probably his best-known single work. It is a characterization of the principal character, Colas Breugnon, who was a French wood carver. A man of the people, he rebels against a feudal lord who fails to appreciate humble folk art. According to David Ewen, "Its sparkling and laughing measures are an admirable portrait of a man who loved the good things of life."

  Organ Concerto in B-flat Major, Op. 4, No. 2 George Frederic Handel

George Frederic Handel (1685-1759) was truly an international composer. Born in Germany, he played organ, harpsichord, oboe, and violin, studied counterpoint, and became familiar with the music of contemporary German and Italian composers by copying their scores. He left Germany in 1706 to compose in Italy. Associated with prominent musicians and composers, he stayed until 1710. He then moved to England, became a naturalized British subject in 1726, and lived there for the rest of his life. His six organ concertos, Opus 4, were written in late 1738. In them, he experimented with the overall design, and with the relationship between the soloist and orchestra. Number 2, one of the more popular ones of this opus, uses material from an earlier motet and a trio sonata.

  Horn Concerto No. 3 in E-Flat Major, K. 447 Wolfgang A. Mozart

Wolfgang Mozart (1756-1791) was born in Austria but was influenced by many national styles from an early age. According to Donald Grout, Mozart had three style periods: 1) childhood and early growth, to 1774; 2) the period of the first masterworks, 1774-81; and 3) the years in Vienna, 1781-91. The Horn Concerto, K. 447, was written in the last period. He composed it, as well as his three other horn concerts and one Rondo, for a horn player in the Salzburg Orchestra by the name of Leitgeb. Evidently, Leitgeb was an accomplished player but was an uneducated and simple man in all other respects. Mozart liked to play jokes on him, such as writing the horn part in different colored inks. In his horn concertos, Mozart reduced the scale of the orchestra and treated it as a collaborator rather than an opponent of the solo instrument. He did this because he regarded the horn as not a very powerful instrument. The first movement of the K. 447 Concerto is in classical sonata form. However, the horn's introduction of a new theme in the development section gives an unusual quirk to the traditional sonata form.

  Piano Concerto No. 1 in G Minor, Op. 25 Felix Mendelssohn

Felix Mendelssohn-Bartholdy (1809-1847) was a Romantic composer. The Romantic era included, among other things, 1) composing for the public audience rather than for private patrons, 2) writing music for posterity rather than for a patron, and 3) giving a new accent on the individual. Mendelssohn, influenced by Mozart and Scarlatti, was a virtuoso pianist. His piano music has a fluent technique and an elegant, sensitive style with no excess bravura or violence. His Piano Concerto in G minor, written in 1832, is an example of Romantic color and sentiment without a Romantic pathos or passion.

  Kol Nidrei Max Bruch

Max Bruch, a German composer and conductor, lived from 1838 to 1920. He received his training in Germany. Many of his compositions are based on follksongs, such as German Volkslieder, Hebrew traditional melodies, and Scottish and Welsh tunes. A "finished" technician, he was at one time the teacher of Ralph Vaughan Williams. More absolute than programmatic in nature, his music often enhanced virtuoso solo instruments. Such is the case with his Kol Nidrei. Kol Nidrei is the name of an ancient Hebrew chant which is sung in the Jewish synagogues on the Day of Atonement. The chant laments the false and sinful vows that man has made to man, and reaffirms the Jewish vows to God and God alone. It is this emotional and sad melody which Bruch used as a basis for the cello solo, accompanied by symphonic orchestra.

  "O mio babbino caro" from Gianni Schicchi Giacomo Puccini

Giacomo Puccini (1858-1924) was the most important Italian operatic composer of the lat 19th and early 20th centuries. He wrote ten operas. Gianni Schicchi is part of Il Trittico, three short operas often presented together. A synopsis of the opera follows. Buoso, a rich man, dies, and his family immediately becomes concerned about his will. They find that the monks have been willed most of his money. Gianni Schicchi, a rascal, whose daughter loves Buoso's nephew, comes to the house. Taking charge, he sends for a notary. Slipping into the dead man's bed, he begins to dictate a new will. Accepting bribes from each member of the family, he leaves something for each of them but keeps the best things for himself. The furious relatives are helpless as Schicchi reminds them of the penalty for fraud. He gives a dowry to his daughter, so that she can marry her lover. At the end of this short, delightful opera, Schicchi addresses the audience directly, asking them not to think too badly of him.

  Laetitia's Aria from The Old Maid and the Thief Gian Carlo Menotti
(b. 1911)

Gian Carlo Menotti, born in 1911, is an American composer of Italian birth. He is an excellent operatic composer who writes his own librettos. The Old Maid and the Thief is his second, and one of his most frequently heard, operas. David Ewen's synopsis of the opera is as follows: Miss Todd and her servant, starved for a man, eagerly welcome a tramp in their house and prevail on him to remain indefinitely. He is treated royally. Miss Todd even goes to the length of stealing, to satisfy the ever-increasing demands of her lodger. On one occasion she raids a liquor establishment to get him a drink. The neighbors, ascribing the recent thefts to the tramp, demand that the police raid the house and arrest the culprit. Miss Todd begs him to escape. When the tramp learns that she has been stealing for him, he insists that she go to jail for her crimes. Upset by this lack of gratitude, Miss Todd goes to the police. During her absence, the tramp and Miss Todd's servant elope, stealing from the house whatever they can carry away. Thus is demonstrated - so says the author in his subtitle - "how a virtuous woman made a thief of an honest man."

  Poem for Flute and Orchestra Charles Griffes

Charles Griffes was an American composer who lived from 1884 to 1920. His first serious musical studies were in Berlin. He wanted to become a concert pianist but his composition teacher, Humperdinck, persuaded him to specialize in composing. He returned to the USA in 1907 and taught in a boys' school. Influenced by Debussy, his music was impressionistic, picturesque, and highly colored. His melodies and harmonies showed originality. His early death was possibly caused by having to copy his music at night, after his teaching responsibilities were over. He died just at the moment that he was freeing himself of Debussy's influence and developing a personal style. His Poem for flute and orchestra was written in 1918. A New York Tribune review of Poem's debut states, "Compositions for the flute... do not as a rule give rise to wild enthusiasm, yet yesterday's audience applauded the work and the soloist for several minutes."

  Piano Concerto in A minor, Op. 16 Edvard Grieg

Edvard Grieg, one of the most individual composers of the 19th century, lived from 1843 to 1907. A composer from Norway, he didn't employ much of his nation's folk style in his music until after composing his Piano Concerto in A minor. Robert Schumann influenced him in his early period. Grieg wrote his piano concerto in 1868. It was his most ambitious instrumental composition. The first movement is in sonata form for piano and orchestra. Introduction, an exposition with first and second themes, development, recapitulation, cadenza, and coda are all very neatly mapped out. Although perhaps a bit too predictable, it is the best (as well as the last) work of his early sonata period.


Manchester Symphony Orchestra Personnel

  Violin I
Vernon Stinebaugh, Co-principal
Kay E. Miller, Co-principal +
Tim Smith +
Harold Davidson
Betsey Rupp

Violin II
Beth Kintner *+
Wendy Myers +
Frank Horner +
Ernest Zala
Beth Kemp

Deanna Brown *+
Robert Curry +
Jeanine Wine +
Gordon Collins

Susan Favorite *+
Norman Waggy +
Marilyn Buchanan

Mark Tomlonson *+
Kevin Ryan +
Herbert Ingraham

Muriel Keeney

Paula Coutz *+
Jane Snyder +

Stephanie Jones *
George Blossom
Mark Huntington *+
Jamie Van Buskirk +

Thomas Owen *
Arlene Crist +
Lovena Miller +

Steve Farnsley *
Cindy Whaley
Barbara Derr +
Mark Bechtel +

Leonard Webb *+
Steve Hammer +
Carla Griebel +

Bruce Hughes *+
Steve Wiser +
Dan Garver +

Joseph Griffith +

Holly Pelking +
Matt Sprunger +
Jim Tyler
Linda Ross +

Bridgett Stuckey

David Eicher +

* Denotes principal
+ Denotes MC student
Paula Coutz is a junior at Manchester College and is majoring in environmental studies. She has studied flute for twelve years with Richard Luber, Carol Eades, and Albert Saurini. Mr. Saurini is first flute with the Indianapolis Symphony Orchestra.

Stephen H. Farnsley attended Indiana Central College and graduated magna cum laude in 1972 with a major in Music Education. While in college he was a member of the student chapter of the Music Educator's National Conference, participated in the college band, choir, and orchestra, and was chosen as a member of Who's Who in American Colleges and Universities.

Currently he is teaching choral and general music at Crestview Jr. High School in Huntington, Indiana. He has participated in community choirs in Huntington and Columbia City, the Huntington Chamber Singers, and the Huntington Erie Band as well as the Manchester College and North Manchester Civic Symphony Orchestra.
Susan Favorite, a junior music education major at Manchester, has studied 'cello, her area of major emphasis, for eleven years. In her hometown, Mishawaka, Indiana, Susan began her 'cello lessons with Mrs. Artheda Spencer. From fourth grade through high school, she studied privately, played in the city's school orchestras, and competed in local and state string contests. During that time, she played in the South Bend Youth Symphony, Elkhart Symphony, and soloed with her own Mishawaka High School orchestra.

As a Manchester College music student, she has broadened her musical understanding and capabilities and continued her 'cello work, first with Mr. Tamas Koffan, formerly of the Fort Wayne Philharmonic, and this year with Dr. Mary Oyer, of the Goshen College faculty. She plays in the MC string quartet and the Manchester College and North Manchester Civic Symphony. Although performing is one of Susan's most enjoyable endeavors, she hopes to teach music in the publid schools or teach art, the area of her education minor at MC.
Terry McRoberts is a junior music major at Manchester College. He is from West Manchester, Ohio. From the age of six through his senior year of high school, he studied piano under Mrs. Dorothy Wisehart. Since he has come to Manchester College, he has studied under Mrs. Genita Speicher.
Teresa Metzger is the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Maurice Metzger of Claypool. She was graduated from South Whitley High School in 1970 and graduated from Manchester College in 1974, where she earned a B.S. in music theory.

Performances include a senior piano recital, appearances on Honors recitals, and numerous student recitals in college. She received the Murl Barnhart award which is given annually to a senior music student by the Manchester College music faculty.
Lillian Miller is a junior music education major with organ as her applied area of concentration. She began taking piano lessons when she was four years old, and since then has accompanied many soloists, ensembles, choirs, and several high school musicals, as well as doing her own solo piano work. For the past two and a half years she has been the accompanist of the Manchester College A Cappella Choir.

In her junior year in high school, Miss Miller began taking organ lessons from Dr. Farley Hutchins, Professor of Organ at Akron University in Ohio. Since coming to Manchester College she has studied with Dr. R. Gary Deavel. After graduation she hopes to go on to graduate school to pursue a degree in performance.
Carol Streator, soprano, has taught on the staff at Manchester College. She received her B.S. degree in Music Education at Potsdam State University and a M.M. degree in Music Literature from Eastman School of Music. She has studied voice with Anna Kaskas at Eastman School in the summer of 1966 and she toured Europe with a Ball State University Music tour in 1966. She has performed extensively in North Manchester and conducted church choirs, and other vocal ensembles.