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Concert Program Cover

Third Concert of the 30th Season


Sunday, May 25th, 1969
Manchester College Auditorium
David C. McCormick, Conductor

  Toccata Girolamo Frescobaldi
trans. by Hans Kindler
  Symphony No. 3 ("The Camp Meeting") Charles Ives  

I. Old Folks Gatherin'
II. Children's Day
III. Communion

  "When I am Laid in Earth" from Dido and Aeneas Henry Purcell  
  "Voi, che sapete" from Le Nozze di Figaro Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  
  "Non so più cosa son" from Le Nozze di Figaro Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  
  "O don fatale" from Don Carlos Guiseppe Verdi  
  JoElyn McGowan, mezzo-soprano  
  Passacaglia Václav Nelhýbel  

Program Notes

  Toccata Girolamo Frescobaldi

A toccata is a "touch piece" played on a keyboard instrument, as distinguished from a sonata or "sound piece" played in wind or string instruments. Thus, a toccata utilizes idiomatic devices of teh keyboard such as full chords and running passages. Hans Kindler, a Dutch-American conductor of the twentieth century, transformed Frescobaldi's early Baroque keyboard work into a grandiloquent romantic orchestra showpiece.

  Symphony No. 3 ("The Camp Meeting") Charles Ives

Charles Ives was one of the most interesting characters in the history of music. Reared in a musical family he had intensive musical training from early childhood and began serving as church organist at the age of thirteen. Long before polytonality, tone clusters, micro-intervals, chance music and other devices of the twentieth century avant garde came into vogue, those sounds were being enjoyed by Ives and his father-teacher. Matriculation at Yale University provided valuable experience but composition study there under Horatio Parker demonstrated that Ives was attuned to new sounds beyond Parker's nineteenth century orientation.

Recognizing that he was interested in writing music that he felt to be honest and self-satisfying, and that he had no desire to gain a popular audience at the expense of his ideals, Ives decided that it would be impractical to depend upon music for a livelihood. He entered the business world as an insurance salesman, retaining music as a consuming avocation. When Ives entered business, at the turn of the century, life insurance was just beginning to become popular for all classes of people. As a pioneer in the field, he saw life insurance for the common man to be a holy cause to correct former social evils, and he promoted his cause with fervor. In doing so, Ives created philosophies, policy provisions and sales techniques that became classics in that industry.

Despite business activities, Ives was a prolific composer, writing to satisfy inner urges rather than for the public, and he seldom heard his works performed. Musicians shied away from Ives' music because of its extreme difficulty, and audiences were not prepared to accept its structural complexity and dissonance. Symphony No. 3 was composed in 1904-9, but was not performed until 1947. Disenchanted with machinations of the public music world, when Ives was notified that he had been awarded the 1947 Pulitzer Prize for this symphony that had gone unperformed for forty years, he replied that prizes were for boys and he was now a grown man.

Symphony No. 3 is essentially program music evoking the moods, emotions and feelings of a nineteenth-century religious camp meeting. There are references to hymn tunes, though seldom in simple familiar terms, that are used to conjure up images and impressions of the camp meeting. Among the recognizable melodies are "Oh, for a Thousand Tongues," "What a Friend We Have in Jesus," and "Just as I am."

  Dido and Aeneas Henry Purcell

Greek mythology tells of Aeneas' wanderings, during which he lands on the island governed by Queen Dido. Aeneas and Dido fall in love but witches of teh island cast a spell that causes Aeneas to depart. The aria "When I am Laid in Earth" is sung by Dido in the presence of her handmaiden, Belinda, as Dido is preparing to kill herself in despair at losing her lover.

  Le Nozze di Figaro Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

The two arias from The Marriage of Figaro are sung by Cherubino, a young boy who is at that age of awakening when love is all-important but a mystery. In "Voi, che sapete" he sings:

Ye ladies who know what love is, behold the turmoil of my heart, possessed with a desire that is now a delight, now a torment. I freeze and burn by turns. I am in quest of something but I know not quite what it is. There is no peace for me night or day, yet even my torment is delight.

At one point in the story the young boy is caught alone with the gardener's daughter and the Count dismisses the boy from service. Faced with the prospect of never again seeing the ladies of the castle, all of whom he finds delightful, Cherubino sings in "Non so più cosa son" that he does not know why it is, but for some time the mere sight of a woman is enough to set his heart beating wildly; the words "love" and "pleasure" tremble constantly on his lips and he roams the castle park murmuring "I love you" to the trees, the clouds, the wind -- in fantasy to all the ladies of the castle. But, if perhaps no one will listen, he will sing of his love to himself.

The appearance of a beautiful woman dressed in trousers to sing a boy's role was quite sensational and popular among eighteenty-century Viennese audiences.

  Don Carlos Giuseppe Verdi

Don Carlos is a tragic story set in sixteenth-century France and Spain. Don Carlos, the Infante of Spain, is in love with Elizabeth of Valois, but she is obligated to marry Carlos' father. Through mistaken identity, Don Carlos has an amorous involvement with Princess Eboli, who when spurned denounces Don Carlos and Elizabeth, informing the king of Elizabeth's infidelity. Carlos is to be imprisoned and Eboli sings "O don fatale," lamenting the curse of her beauty that has brought sorrow to those around her, including Don Carlos whom she loves. In the midst of the aria, Eboli takes heart at the thought that one day remains in which to save Carlos. The aria ends in a soaring phrase and Eboli rushes from the stage as the curtain falls to end the scene.

  Passacaglia Václav Nelhýbel
(b. 1919)

In a passacaglia, a given theme constantly recurs with variations written around it. Nelhybel has employed full orchestra plus solo piano, performed this afternoon by Edward Davis, a Manchester College junior from Cincinnati, Ohio.


Manchester Symphony Orchestra Personnel

  Violin I
Vernon Stinebaugh, Concertmaster
Ruth Berkebile
Mary Berkebile
Pauline Cork
Loretta Wood +
Ernest Zala

Violin II
Lucina Eshelman *+
Myrna Grove +
Vera Wickline
Becki Wilcox
Leslie Bentley
Esther Mock

Ethel Anderson *
Cora Shultz
Mac Marlow
Gordon Collins

Mack Whitmore *+
Jerry Lessig
Barbara Smith

Herbert Ingraham *
Allen Johnson +
Samuel Flueckiger
Randy Gratz

Patricia Brewer *+
Muriel Snider +

Stephanie Jones *
Leta Cook +
Robert Jones *
Diana Wine +

Bass Clarinet
Donald Shilts

Deborah Maurer *+
Robert Leininger +

Thomas Listenfelt *+
Jerry Eller +
Jeff Blickenstaff +

Donald Cook *+
Stephen Likens +
Gary Heisler +

George Schneider *
David Voelker
Dan Garver

Janice Long
Stephen Kellam +
Paul Ingraham
Larry Clark +

Edward Davis +

* Denotes principal
+ Denotes MC student
JoElyn McGowanJoElyn McGowan joined the Manchester College faculty in September, 1968. She is a graduate of Pfeiffer College (North Carolina) and Indiana University. In the summer of 1968 she was awarded a Fromm Foundation Fellowship to attend the Berkshire Music Festival, Tanglewood, Massachusetts, where she sang under the direction of Erich Leinsdorf and presented solo recitals. In addition to the recitals, oratorios and cantatas, she has sung roles in Dido and Aeneas, Carmen, The Bartered Bride, Sister Angelica, Cavalleria Rusticana, Albert Hering and Elegy for Young Lovers. The latter two operas were performed for Educational Television. Mrs. McGowan has become known to North Manchester audiences through her faculty recital in April, other solo performances and her work as conductor of the Manchester College Madrigal Singers.